remembering martin luther king


Today marks the 25th anniversary of Dr. Martin Luther King Day. The civil rights leader’s historic “I have a dream” speech is one of his greatest legacies that needs revisiting on January 17th every year. Thirty years after his assassination, this speech remains essential. Find below the full text:

I am happy to join with you today in what will go down in history as the greatest demonstration for freedom in the history of our nation.

Five score years ago, a great American, in whose symbolic shadow we stand today, signed the Emancipation Proclamation. This momentous decree came as a great beacon light of hope to millions of Negro slaves who had been seared in the flames of withering injustice. It came as a joyous daybreak to end the long night of their captivity.

But one hundred years later, the Negro still is not free. One hundred years later, the life of the Negro is still sadly crippled by the manacles of segregation and the chains of discrimination. One hundred years later, the Negro lives on a lonely island of poverty in the midst of a vast ocean of material prosperity. One hundred years later, the Negro is still languishing in the corners of American society and finds himself an exile in his own land. So we have come here today to dramatize a shameful condition.

In a sense we have come to our nation’s capital to cash a check. When the architects of our republic wrote the magnificent words of the Constitution and the Declaration of Independence, they were signing a promissory note to which every American was to fall heir. This note was a promise that all men, yes, black men as well as white men, would be guaranteed the unalienable rights of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.

It is obvious today that America has defaulted on this promissory note insofar as her citizens of color are concerned. Instead of honoring this sacred obligation, America has given the Negro people a bad check, a check which has come back marked “insufficient funds.”

But we refuse to believe that the bank of justice is bankrupt. We refuse to believe that there are insufficient funds in the great vaults of opportunity of this nation. So we have come to cash this check — a check that will give us upon demand the riches of freedom and the security of justice. We have also come to this hallowed spot to remind America of the fierce urgency of now. This is no time to engage in the luxury of cooling off or to take the tranquilizing drug of gradualism. Now is the time to make real the promises of democracy. Now is the time to rise from the dark and desolate valley of segregation to the sunlit path of racial justice. Now is the time to lift our nation from the quick sands of racial injustice to the solid rock of brotherhood. Now is the time to make justice a reality for all of God’s children.

It would be fatal for the nation to overlook the urgency of the moment. This sweltering summer of the Negro’s legitimate discontent will not pass until there is an invigorating autumn of freedom and equality. Nineteen sixty-three is not an end, but a beginning. Those who hope that the Negro needed to blow off steam and will now be content will have a rude awakening if the nation returns to business as usual. There will be neither rest nor tranquility in America until the Negro is granted his citizenship rights. The whirlwinds of revolt will continue to shake the foundations of our nation until the bright day of justice emerges.

But there is something that I must say to my people who stand on the warm threshold which leads into the palace of justice. In the process of gaining our rightful place we must not be guilty of wrongful deeds. Let us not seek to satisfy our thirst for freedom by drinking from the cup of bitterness and hatred.

We must forever conduct our struggle on the high plane of dignity and discipline. We must not allow our creative protest to degenerate into physical violence. Again and again we must rise to the majestic heights of meeting physical force with soul force. The marvelous new militancy which has engulfed the Negro community must not lead us to a distrust of all white people, for many of our white brothers, as evidenced by their presence here today, have come to realize that their destiny is tied up with our destiny. They have come to realize that their freedom is inextricably bound to our freedom. We cannot walk alone.

As we walk, we must make the pledge that we shall always march ahead. We cannot turn back. There are those who are asking the devotees of civil rights, “When will you be satisfied?” We can never be satisfied as long as the Negro is the victim of the unspeakable horrors of police brutality. We can never be satisfied, as long as our bodies, heavy with the fatigue of travel, cannot gain lodging in the motels of the highways and the hotels of the cities. We cannot be satisfied as long as the Negro’s basic mobility is from a smaller ghetto to a larger one. We can never be satisfied as long as our children are stripped of their selfhood and robbed of their dignity by signs stating “For Whites Only”. We cannot be satisfied as long as a Negro in Mississippi cannot vote and a Negro in New York believes he has nothing for which to vote. No, no, we are not satisfied, and we will not be satisfied until justice rolls down like waters and righteousness like a mighty stream.

I am not unmindful that some of you have come here out of great trials and tribulations. Some of you have come fresh from narrow jail cells. Some of you have come from areas where your quest for freedom left you battered by the storms of persecution and staggered by the winds of police brutality. You have been the veterans of creative suffering. Continue to work with the faith that unearned suffering is redemptive.

Go back to Mississippi, go back to Alabama, go back to South Carolina, go back to Georgia, go back to Louisiana, go back to the slums and ghettos of our northern cities, knowing that somehow this situation can and will be changed. Let us not wallow in the valley of despair.

I say to you today, my friends, so even though we face the difficulties of today and tomorrow, I still have a dream. It is a dream deeply rooted in the American dream.

I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed: “We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men are created equal.”

I have a dream that one day on the red hills of Georgia the sons of former slaves and the sons of former slave owners will be able to sit down together at the table of brotherhood.

I have a dream that one day even the state of Mississippi, a state sweltering with the heat of injustice, sweltering with the heat of oppression, will be transformed into an oasis of freedom and justice.

I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character.

I have a dream today.

I have a dream that one day, down in Alabama, with its vicious racists, with its governor having his lips dripping with the words of interposition and nullification; one day right there in Alabama, little black boys and black girls will be able to join hands with little white boys and white girls as sisters and brothers.

I have a dream today.

I have a dream that one day every valley shall be exalted, every hill and mountain shall be made low, the rough places will be made plain, and the crooked places will be made straight, and the glory of the Lord shall be revealed, and all flesh shall see it together.

This is our hope. This is the faith that I go back to the South with. With this faith we will be able to hew out of the mountain of despair a stone of hope. With this faith we will be able to transform the jangling discords of our nation into a beautiful symphony of brotherhood. With this faith we will be able to work together, to pray together, to struggle together, to go to jail together, to stand up for freedom together, knowing that we will be free one day.

This will be the day when all of God’s children will be able to sing with a new meaning, “My country, ’tis of thee, sweet land of liberty, of thee I sing. Land where my fathers died, land of the pilgrim’s pride, from every mountainside, let freedom ring.”

And if America is to be a great nation this must become true. So let freedom ring from the prodigious hilltops of New Hampshire. Let freedom ring from the mighty mountains of New York. Let freedom ring from the heightening Alleghenies of Pennsylvania!

Let freedom ring from the snowcapped Rockies of Colorado!

Let freedom ring from the curvaceous slopes of California!

But not only that; let freedom ring from Stone Mountain of Georgia!

Let freedom ring from Lookout Mountain of Tennessee!

Let freedom ring from every hill and molehill of Mississippi. From every mountainside, let freedom ring.

And when this happens, when we allow freedom to ring, when we let it ring from every village and every hamlet, from every state and every city, we will be able to speed up that day when all of God’s children, black men and white men, Jews and Gentiles, Protestants and Catholics, will be able to join hands and sing in the words of the old Negro spiritual, “Free at last! free at last! thank God Almighty, we are free at last!”


One response »

  1. Is Lane County, Oregon engaging in a wide spread practice of discrimination?

    The Lane County Board of Commissioners has passed an Order stating that there are federal laws and presidential orders that they will not fund law enforcement to enforcement. They require law enforcement to notify the Commissioners of any federal investigations going on in Lane County Oregon. See previous post

    Congressman Peter deFazio Stated, “That’s un-constitutional.” At the August 24, 2010 Coos Bay, Oregon Public Town Hall Meeting held in the City of Coos Bay Council Chambers. He has not acted on that statement. deFazio missed the official swearing-in process. Although invited to participate, deFazio did not read from the U. S. Constitution. deFazio is a former Lane County Commissioner.

    At the August 24, 2010 Coos Bay, Oregon Public Town Hall Meeting held in the City of Coos Bay Council Chambers Congressman Peter deFazio was again notified in writing and in personal conservations that Lane County had removed a disabled woman from a federally funded housing program. He has not acted on that information.

    I have called numerous other Members of Congress. I have been told, “As professional courtesy, we recommend that you only speak with your Congressional representative, Congressman Peter deFazio.” This practice is not in the Constitution, it is just something they do. I explain that my problem IS that Peter is not doing his job. Again, I am referred back to Peter. It’s like when someone called me on the phone to see if I wanted to join a neighborhood watch program, I told them “My neighbors are the ones I need to watch.”

    If you read my posts on line at under “Foundation Trilogy” you will see that I have contacted every conceivable government entity seeking justice for my wife.

    She has PTSD, just as thousands of returning Vets. Her PTSD is from childhood abuse, spousal abuse from previous marriages, being shot at fourteen times over a two week period by her landlord while living in federally subsidized housing.

    Oregon’s previous Governor Kulongoski was sent a letter by Oregon Housing and Community Services stating that they and Lane County knew that her termination from the HOME TBA Program was based on a known false writing. The Governor sent a letter to the Lane County DA and the Oregon Congressional Delegation stating that Lane County acted properly. How is it proper and lawful to discriminate?

    Documents on line at

    Now, as a small experiment, I present:
    The Discrimination Self Test.

    A. “In the past I know many of you have been abused and had your land stolen. Many have had your families murdered in the past, others have suffered injustices. The people who perpetrated those heinous crimes are NOT a part of us. They are not a part of humanity. Today, we are faced with a similar situation. That is why I ask you, to join me in defeating our common enemy.”

    B. Following the Civil War and the abolition of slavery by the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution (1865), the three-fifths clause was rendered moot. Section 2 of the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution (1868) later superseded Article 1, Section 2, Clause 3. It specifically states that “Representatives shall be apportioned …counting the whole number of persons in each State, excluding Indians not taxed…”

    C. Did the Veterans that deFazio spoke to in Roseburg, Oregon, instead of attending the official swearing-in process, know that in August 24, 2010 in Coos Bay, Oregon he deliberately drove a woman he knew had PTSD into a panic attack by jumping off his desk, rushing towards her, flailing his arms and yelling at the seated woman, “And this woman thinks her landlord shot at her 14 times, if you can believe that!!”

    How do you feel reading the above statements? What actions will you take? Who will you go to when you need help?

    The statements above are from
    C. Oregon Congressman Peter deFazio
    B. The U. S. Constitution
    A. A. H., from “Triumph of the Will” L. Restenthal(sp?) After making that statement at the end of a political rally H. bowed his head, clasped his hands humbly in front of himself and waited to see what the crowd’s reaction would be… The crowd went wild, Hitler smiled raised his arms and proceeded to lay out how he would take over Europe. Listing each country.

    If only the crowd would have not fallen for the “Hitler speech”, “They are not a part of us; therefore, we can do anything we want to them.”

    Who are “THEY”? That, my friend, is why you must take the self test; to see what groups you think are somehow less than human.

    Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. had a dream. We lived in the nightmare that is Lane County, Oregon.

    This post is written by Kyle Bussey.

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